We have all heard of the common types of turnips such as red, white, and tan. There are, however, many varieties of turnips that vary greatly in size, shape, and texture. Some of the most common and well-known varieties are the French, American, and New Zealand varieties. These include the turf type turnip, the scalloped and hairy turnip, and the slender pole Penn (a root potato).
1. Dwarf Turnip
Some of the other Types of Turnips are the flat leaf brassica or the ribbon turnip or the dwarf turnip. Flat leaf varieties can grow up to six inches. The ribbon type grows between four and five inches. The dwarf varieties are the smallest type of turnips and only reach one inch in height. Harvesting of these turnips is by hand.
2. Turnips Native to China
Seven Top Turnips These turnips are native to China but many are now grown in Europe, America and Asia. They range in size from one to two inches in height. They are tender green plants but will tolerate some frost. The leaves are dark green and are very sweet. When they are seeded, they do not sprout until the next year. The flavor of this variety is sweeter than any other.
3. Golden Ball
The golden ball is a variety of turnip but it is smaller in size, with only two leaves and the slender flesh ending in a smooth golden ball. The golden ball is an excellent choice for container gardens because it grows well and produces a bright, vivid green foliage. It produces a white flower when it blooms. harvesting these types of turnips is by hand or with a pick axe.
4. Different Shapes of Turnips
When harvesting from the seed of these varieties of turnips, it is important to note the difference between the various styles of golden balls. Some varieties of turnips are small and round in shape, while others have a long cylinder-shaped seed. Harvesting the seeds from a longer shaped turnip will require a different approach than one that is small in diameter. This difference in size is only noticeable if you look closely at the end of a turnip.
5. English Turnips
There are many different kinds of turnips available. One of the more interesting types of turnips is the English turnip. The English turnip (also called English turnip) is also known as the common turnip. The common turnip has small tubular leaves with a dark green appearance. This type of turnip has no taste but is very popular as a vegetable.
6. French and Chinese Lon Turnips
Other varieties of turnips include the French turnips and the Chinese long turnips. The French turnip, which is also known as the bronze turnip, has narrow yellow roots with large green leaves that are long and thin. It has a medium bright orange color and is one of the most popular varieties. The Chinese long turnip has the appearance much like the English turnips with large and narrow leafy leaves.
7. Italian, Greek and Swiss Turnips
Some other varieties include the Italian, Greek and the Swiss turnips. They are all relatively similar; however they have been crossed to create new looks and characteristics as well. All varieties are known for their taste and are used both fresh and in various other dishes.
8. Acorn Turnip
There is also one other important type of turnip, and that is the acorn turnip. These are not actually turnips, but a related plant. This plant was once part of the potato family, the acorn, but was lost in evolution. It is now grown throughout much of North America and in parts of Europe. Acorns are used for their dark green leaves and for the delicious nuts that are extracted. They are also great for cooking.
Hopefully, following this short list of basic types of turnips will help you decide what you need to get started growing today. There are many varieties out there, so be sure to find a type you like, and one that will grow well in your area. Whether you choose to grow them from seeds or purchase them already grown, growing your own fresh vegetables is a great way to save money, and eat healthier as well.