How To Prune Plants Of Fruit Trees In The Garden? Pruning is a process that is necessary for healthy growing conditions in fruit trees. It is important to learn how to trim and shape your trees. Although some gardeners enjoy the practice of manual pruning, many modern gardeners do not need it. The main purpose of pruning is to cut back branches that are over-grown or unhealthy. Pruning can be done manually, by hand, using an electric or cordless hedge trimmer, or even with a mechanical pruner that runs by battery, motor, or electronic controls.
1. Identify The Branches That Needs Trimming
How to prune a tree is not a straight forward process, but it does take some training. First, you need to identify the branches that need trimming. These branches will often grow thicker and larger than others, and it is important to keep this fact in mind while trimming. While you are cutting down one branch, if the other branches of the tree continue to grow thicker than what you have just removed, then you need to continue your search for thicker branches. Do not cut down too deep or you will end up leaving portions of the tree bare or even more exposed at the base.
2. Locate The Joint Where You Will Cut
After you have identified the branches that you want to remove, go ahead and take out the portion of the tree that you want to prune. Next, you need to locate the joint where you will cut. Start by locating the branch nearest to the trunk of the tree. This is the ideal spot. However, if you are unable to find the joint on the tree, then you may need to go to the main trunk of the tree to find the joint. You will also need to make sure there is no existing route to be cut away to clear the way for new growth.
3. Cut Off A Certain Amount Of Growth
When you have located the joint, cut off a certain amount of growth. Once the cut has been made, do not continue cutting. Wait for the growth process to complete before moving on. If you are unsure how long it will take, you may want to take an hour or two and watch to see if additional growth occurs. In most cases, all you will need to do is wait for the process to be completed.
4. Always Use A Sharp Edge
When you are pruning trees, it is important to make sure that you always use a sharp edge. This will help keep the branches from breaking and becoming damaged. If they are already damaged, you will also want to use a sharp edge to avoid future problems.
5. Look Out For Branches That Reach Above Canopy
When cutting back any branches that reach above the canopy, you need to consider whether or not these are necessary. It can be tempting to remove these as you move forward, but it can leave the rest of the tree in a poor light condition. Also, it will reduce the amount of energy that can be spent on powering tools such as hand tools, which can further decrease the productivity of a job.
6. Remove Shoots
Next, it is important to remove any shoots that are growing towards the light source or the branches. It is also important to cut back any dead or broken roots that are on the stem. These will eventually begin to rot and cause problems. You should try to keep the entire plant healthy by removing any decaying or damaged leaves, removing spongy growths, and keeping the roots healthy.
After you have removed all the dead or decaying material from the top of the tree, you can start to thin out the branches. Thinning will help prevent the tree from becoming too full of branches. The best way to do this is to divide the tree into two sections then pinch off some branches to create a gap. You can continue to do this until you have an aesthetically pleasing hedge.