Factors affecting the pots in container gardening are important in garden planning and also in the selection of the ideal pot for a particular type of gardening.
Factors that Threaten the Survival of Plants
A potting medium that is too thin and does not allow water to penetrate should be avoided if the plan is to grow plants or flowers that need water to survive. On the other hand, soil that lacks proper drainage will not facilitate plant growth.
Factors Affecting Porosity and Weight of the Pots
Factors affecting porosity and weight of pot in container gardening primarily concern soil type, the amount and type of plantings, and how the soil is maintained. For example, clay-based potting materials have more porosity and less weight than other types of potting media. On the other hand, organic-based potting materials have greater porosity and less weight, because of their natural ingredients and the process of cultivation. The most effective type of potting material for growing most types of plants is potting medium that has good drainage. Plants will have no difficulty developing roots and can develop into strong plants if there is proper drainage.
Poor drainage may also contribute to excessive growth of weeds and hinder plant growth. The most effective solution to this problem is to plant larger, harder root crops and cover the soil with organic matter, like compost or peat moss. A well-drained potting medium is beneficial in increasing the health of the plants and improving the quality of the soil.
Plants need water to help them grow. If the plants do not get enough water they become stressed and die. Likewise, a dry pot encourages plant diseases and pests to flourish. Potting water should be constantly available to help the plants stay hydrated. Containers that are not well-drained and have poor drainage will require more frequent watering which may lead to plant diseases.
Potting Medium and Drainage
Potting mediums affect plant’s development in a number of ways. Good potting mediums provide good drainage and nutrients to the plant’s roots, making it easier for the plant to absorb nutrients. Nutrients help the plant produces flowers and leaves. Plants have fewer problems with diseases when they get enough nutrients. Containers that are fertilized also tend to be healthier plants.
Varieties of Potting Medium
Potting materials come in many varieties, from clay and gravel, to vermiculite and perlite to silt and sand. The mixture of materials affects the overall design and functionality of the container garden. For instance, using too much sand or perlite in a container gardening system may make the soil too acidic and inhibit plant growth. Using too much clay or vermiculite can restrict air circulation in the soil, causing the plant to remain inside the pot, limiting its exposure to sun and air.
Some plants grow better if they are planted directly in the ground, while others need to be potted. Factors affecting this decision include the amount of time the plant can be kept outside, the climatic conditions where the plant is located and its watering requirements. It is best to start an indoor garden right after purchasing the plant. Carefully follow the instructions on how to plant and care for the plants you purchase.
Moisture Level of Soil
Once your plants are established, there are still some factors that affect the health and growth of your plants. One of them is the moisture content of the soil. Check the moisture level in the pot and see if it is just right. Too much moisture will make the roots of your plants become too wet, and the roots may rot and die. Too little moisture will prevent the water from getting to the plant, causing the roots to dry out and wither.
Other factors affecting the health and growth of plants are the pH level of the potting medium and the nutrients present in the soil. The pH level should be around 7.3 to ensure adequate drainage. The nutrient levels in the soil should also be appropriate for the type of plant you are growing. Always check these before starting to plant.
Handle the Containers Carefully
Containers need careful handling, so be sure that you know what they are and how they should be cared for. Do not bend or handle them roughly, as this can cause serious injury to your plantings. Wear gloves and old clothes to protect yourself from the elements and pests. Water at regular intervals, but do not over-water, as this can do serious damage to your growing plants. If the factors affecting your container garden are correct, your plants should do very well.