For many gardeners, the effects of climate on container gardening are real challenges. With their small and limited space they often do not have the luxury of a large yard to spread out and provide for a good amount of natural air circulation and shelter from the elements. This coupled with the fact that many areas of the world are experiencing record high temperatures and droughts, it is no wonder that many people are considering container gardening as an option for their home garden.
Cold or Winter Conditions
There are a few effects of climate in container gardening that should be taken into consideration. If you are growing anything that needs to withstand cold or winter conditions, you should prepare your plants for those conditions before you even plant them. One way to prepare your plants for cold weather is to mulch your perennials well when you plant them. Doing this will help protect them from the negative effects of climate in container gardening.
Effect of Moisture
When it comes to the effects of climate in container gardening that deal with moisture, you should try to avoid over-watering them. Watering them too often can lead to the death of some of your more tender plants. Instead, water them only when the soil is dry. If you do find yourself needing to water your plants regularly, make sure you do so immediately after you remove the soil and after the first frost. By doing this you will prevent the root systems from being damaged by too much water.
Changes in Temperature
The effects of climate in container gardening can also be seen on your flowers. Some flowers are more sensitive to changes in temperature than others. For example, Java ferns require the same temperature and moisture levels as all other plants, but they are very difficult to grow in containers because they grow so quickly. Try to include a mix of other plants and flowers in your design if at all possible.
Climate Change Effects Vegetable Plants
The effects of climate in container gardening can also be seen on your vegetable plants and there is a need to protect the plants from these changes otherwise, it will be a hazard for growth of these plants. Many people believe that you can plant everything you want in a little box, but this simply isn’t true. Your vegetable plants will need room to grow and if you don’t provide that room they may not produce as well.
Ways to Control Effect of Climate
One of the best ways to control the effects of climate in container gardening is to design your greenhouse to suit your specific needs. If you have a short growing season or live in a very hot area, you may consider a shade loving structure such as a greenhouse. If you have relatively mild temperatures but your region has a very cold winter, you might opt for a material that will retain some heat during the day and reflect it at night. Some examples of these materials include glass and plastic. Whatever you choose, make sure you can take advantage of the sunlight during the day and the shade at night.
Types of Greenhouses
If you are new to container gardening, there are two main types of greenhouses: metal and wood.
Metal greenhouses tend to be less expensive but not as sturdy as a wood greenhouse. Keep in mind that the effects of climate in container gardening are most apparent on the plant you are growing and the larger the plant, the more exposed it will be to climate conditions. In a metal greenhouse, air circulation is better since there is no wood framing. However, if you are looking to save money, you can build your own wooden greenhouse.
Climate Effect in Greenhouse
The other effect of climate in your greenhouse is water. Plants need moisture and if you have a lot of rain during the day or if you live in an area with very warm temperatures, you should be careful with how much water you put in the bottom of your greenhouse. This could result in plant death if enough water is poured into the bottom. Similarly, you should keep an eye on how much water you use and how often you water your plants.